The Changing Seasons July 2017

Hi there! July in cold old Victoria it is. I have friends and family overseas and up north sunning themselves. I’m down here in the cold semi antarctic conditions. The sun is shining; it’s not snowing; it not -°; the fires roaring. There is really nothing to complain about. I maybe heading to Hobart next month. Now that will be a wintry experience for me. I’ve added these for Max’s changing seasons. Some not the best quality – apologies.

I have been seeing some very clear weather lately. The mountain – hill, in the distance in the first photograph is 120 km distant. One morning I thought saw a 160 km distant mountain but was not able to prove it.

I try to leave work early sometimes as I like to see the sunset and see my dogs in the daylight

The Changing Seasons June 2017

A big part of blogging is not only posting, but reading, and commenting on, all of my favourite blogs. I apologise for not finding time for this. Work has been more hectic than ever and I admit to being a little addicted to Words with friends. I leave for work in the dark and get home the dark. It’s cold, I light the fire, we eat, we socialise, we watch the telly, we obsess with the internet.
Last week I travelled to Lakes Entrance for a course and managed to capture some pre-dawn photographs. It has been cold but very dry in Victoria this Winter. Some parts of Victoria need rain badly. I will add some of these pics for Max’s changing seasons.

The Changing Seasons. April 2017

Like every temperate zone region, April is a time of change here in Southern Victoria. Unlike many of my blogging friends, our world is cooling down and the daylight hours are approaching 11 hrs.
April is a time when we are winding up our beach camping. Instead of swimming and spending evenings on the beach, we gather around in coats, play music and sometimes drink too much.
April is popular time for international acts to visit Australia. This is related to the Byron Bay Blues and Roots Festival at Easter. Many acts add the capital cities to this. We saw Jethro Tull, Patti Smith, and as a duo, Billy Bragg and Joe Henry. All of these concerts had their excellence, with maybe Jethro Tull lagging a little. Having said that, Ian Anderson still is an extraordinary flautist and performer. I’m not sure what you pay in America or Europe for these acts but I am minus 350 bucks after these concerts. I am so lucky I can afford to pay it. I do hanker for the days when a concert ticket was the same cost as an LP. $5. As a kid I went to all the concerts.
Today is Anzac Day, a holiday commemorating the debacle at Gallipoli in 1915. A reposted a photo of my father in uniform on facebook. That is all I could do.
Later on I’ll tune in to the traditional footy match. I have a strong suspicion that my team will lose. That’s OK. It’s just big money making venture these days and I have childhood based allegiance I cannot shake.
Here’s some pics. May will be harder than April. Oh apologies for the sunsets – I like them. Added for Max

Enjoying our friends’ company at the beach.

Yes, more sunsets

After the Jethro Tull concert on Southbank

After Jethro Tull concert
Before the Patti Smith Concert. I was primed!
city before seeing patti smithThe venue just before the Billy Bragg and Joe Henry concert
Before Billy Bragg and Joe Henry

The West Gate Bridge, Melbourne

As a child I was fascinated by the spread of freeways in my city and state. It was many years later that that I discovered they only solved problems for a short time. In Melbourne at the moment it appears every road is being worked on. By the time they all finish they’ll have to get going again. Until I was 11, there was a wonderful windy and relatively unpolluted creek that flowed near my house. We spent so much time down there. We called it the jungle. It was full of box thorn and thistles but it was all we knew. One day I spoke to a man ramming little wooden pegs in the ground. I asked what he was doing to which he replied ‘very soon there will be a big freeway coming through here’. I was amazed. That was end of the jungle.

About the same time, businesses in Melbourne’s western suburbs, the industrial, ugly side of town, were lobbying for a river crossing near the mouth of the Yarra River. Both sides were seen as an ugly wasteland; perfect for a big bridge. Work for the West Gate Bridge commenced in 1968. This only occurred after a series of dodgy money gatherings and bad tendering, as was found in hindsight. Well into construction, late in 1970, a section of the box girder bridge and a box pylon, collapsed killing 35 construction workers and injuring 18.

WG 7

West Gate Bridge immediately after collapse. Journalist photograph. I think this photograph is a mirror image.

Of course there was an inquiry and their findings can be perused. Construction eventually resumed. The photograph below was taken by me in 1976west gate 1976

The bridge was completed in 1978. Tolls were introduced, but later scrapped because it could be avoided. It now carries 200000 vehicles per day and a 2nd lower Yarra crossing is close to commencing. WG 1WG 5

Some say this bridge competes somehow with the Sydney Harbour Bridge. No way; It’s a big ugly bridge that runs through a fairly ugly part of Melbourne. It has 10 car lanes, but no train. I drive over it about 20 times a year. I’ve walked over it too, to raise funds.

Like all bridges, the Westgate has attracted a lot of suiciders. They did not do anything about this until an imbecile threw his 4 year daughter to her death to get back his wife, in 2009, in front of her brother. This story makes me so emotional. That poor little girl and the poor brother, and mother. I can’t write about it. They installed a fence.

WG 6

Under the bridge as we were heading out into the bay pre sunrise in 2008. No fence installed yet. Poor Darcy

Back in 1962, when I was 4, another smaller bridge in the centre of Melbourne cracked due to dodgy engineering. I was a big fan of Zig and Zag, clowns on the telly. They thought they had cracked the bridge when they accidentally dropped a coconut on it. They were gonna get into big trouble. I believed this of course.

King_Street_Bridge_Melbourne

King St Bridge

March in Southern Victoria

March is a glorious time in Southern Victoria. Beautiful warm days. Cooler nights. Dry, often too dry…..For some reason I have been struggling taking photographs. I have been loving making music; maybe that’s the reason. This evening sky at home I could not resist.mid march evening sky looking south

A gathering of old friends for a pot luck dinner. A great time had by all.pot luck dinner old friendsOut on the job on the Gippsland Lakes between sites.

Back Down at the Bay with a G&T in handSummer is moving on

Another freakin sunsetanother freakin sunset

All added for Max on his great monthly photo feature at Cardinal Guzman

Changing Seasons. February 2017

As we approach the end of Summer we will be experiencing an unusual blast of Summer weather. It was only six months ago when I was in Rome experiencing a very similar end of Summer weather. February is not my favourite time to photograph. The light is too harsh except early in the morning and before sunset. Jo and I also spend a lot of time down at the beach to enjoy the mild to warm weather. Last weekend it snowed in our alps; a very very unusual event. Here’s some pics of the beach from a couple of weekends. For Max’s blog.

Shadow

I have numerous photos of shadows over the years. All of varying quality, I have never been particularly fussed if they satisfy certain technical criteria, as long they have some significance with regards to when, where and why I took them. Having said that, when I look at these old pics, I know what I would do today to improve them. All well and good with today’s equipment, but I don’t think I’m any more patient. Lately I have been following Bird Photography Australia’s facebook page. The photographs are extraordinary, and they are welcome respite from the constant depressing political news and opinion mongering that social media indulges in. The patience and technical mastery of these photographers amaze me, but I have no wish to emulate them. I like what I do now, and I will continue to improve at a pace that is dictated by only me, as it should be.
I have added below a couple of pics I took around 1980; one of sheep on a sunny Winter solstice and another of me. Added for WordPress Shadow

 

The Batavia

Below is the story of the Batavia which I knew about for many years but recently read about in an excellently written book called Cast Away. I grabbed this story from  http://members.iinet.net.au/~bill/batavia.html.
It is not as well written as the Cast Away version. It’s a big read so don’t read it unless you’re in the mood. Having said that, the story explains very well what gullible, uneducated people are capable of doing when being lead by the nose by a murderous sociopath. I don’t believe, for one minute, that humans are no longer capable of this kind of behaviour just because we are supposedly civilised. Recent events and the emergence of the internet has proven that to me conclusively. abrolhos-islands

On October 28 1628 the VOC Indiamen ship Batavia sailed from Texel in the Netherlands on her maiden journey to Batavia (modern day Jakarta) in the Dutch Colonies in Indonesia. She was accompanied by seven other ships of various sizes. These included the Buren (a warship), the Dordrecht, Galiasse and s’-Gravenhage (Retour ships), the Assendelft and the Sardaam (storeships) and a small yacht the Kleine David. In command of the Batavia was Francesco Pelsaert a senior merchant. The Company policy of appointing a merchant command of the Flagship did not find favour with ship’s Skipper Ariaen Jacobsz. The two men were old enemies from a previous journey from the Indies to Holland.

Also aboard the ship was a young Lady “Lucretia van der Meylen” who was travelling to meet her husband in Batavia. The Skipper apparently tried to seduce this lady but she refused him and instead became a close friend of the Commodore. The Skipper having failed to win the lady took up with the lady’s maid Zwaantie Hendrix with greater success.

The journey to disaster was to take eight months. Bad weather helped split the convoy up early and only the Batavia, Buren and Assendelft reached the Cape of Good Hope together on April 14 1629. The Skipper took the opportunity to go on a wild and violent drinking binge with Jeronimus Cornelius his (now) companion and Zwaantie Hendrix his new girlfriend (who refused the Skipper nothing). Jacobsz ended up in a fight aboard the Buren and official complaints were lodged. The Skipper was publicly dressed down by Pelsaert which enraged Jacobsz even more.

It was soon after this event that Cornelius was supposed to have suggested mutiny to the Skipper. With the help of key ship personnel it would be possible to commandeer the ship, kill the soldiers, throw Pelsaert overboard and take all the treasure. The Batavia could then be used to prey on other VOC ships before retiring to some safe haven in the Indies. The idea was obviously attractive to the ego damaged Skipper. The ship carried a kings ransom in various treasures and was one of the most heavily armed ships of its time. In a time where material possessions were much more important than human life the Skipper was probably easy to convince.

Meeting in secret the Mutineers laid their plans carefully. They arranged to have Lucretia Van der Meylen assaulted in a calculated taunt. The unfortunate woman was able to identify one of her attackers, Jan Evertz, by his voice and Pelsaert intended to have the man hanged as soon as they sighted the coast of the “Unknown land”. Pelsaert did not realise that an attempt to punish Evertz was to be the signal for the mutiny to begin. Since the mutiny probably involved the Skipper, the undermerchant, a lance corporal and some of his soldiers and some of the Cadets (junior officers) it most certainly would have succeeded.

Before the mutiny could take place the Batavia ran aground on the Houtman Abrolhos. On June 4th 1629 the Batavia became wrecked on the Abrolhos Islands some 40 miles of the coast of Western Australia; it was a tragic end to her maiden voyage. Most of the passengers and crew were off-loaded onto a nearby island later known as Batavia’s Graveyard. The Commodore (Francesco Pelsaert) and the Skipper (Ariaen Jacobsz) some 30 others (mostly sailors) and most of the food and water was landed on a smaller island. Pelsaert and Jacobsz knew they were in dire straights and after much deliberation loaded the two ships boats and set sail for Batavia. They left a note for the other survivors who felt so betrayed by this desertion they named the smaller island “Traitor’s Island”, a name it still bears to this day.

The people left behind were in a dreadful situation and some died of thirst in the first week before some rain helped replenish supplies of water. After the initial problems of survival had been dealt with the unfortunate survivors were then to play a part in one of the most horrible tales of mutiny and murder ever told. The Undermerchant Jeronimus Cornelius, the most senior company man amongst the survivors, turned out to be a psychotic killer with an uncanny ability to control others with weaker personalities.

Soon the undermerchant had sent one group of soldiers in search of water to another island and left them, hoping they would die. He then split the remaining survivors amongst some of the closer islands, none of which had any water. It was then he revealed himself and the killings began. With a loyal band of murderous young men drawn from the ship’s Junior officers, soldiery, and even cabin boys, Cornelius began to systematically kill anyone he believed would be a problem to his reign of terror, or a burden on the limited resources. He took the unwilling Lucretia as his concubine although she only submitted after not so veiled threats of death.

The mutineers became intoxicated with killing and enjoyed complete control over the survivors; none could stop them. They loved to experiment with different ways of dealing death and misery, needing only the smallest excuse to murder. The survivors that were sent to other islands were systematically hunted down and killed if they hadn’t already died of thirst and hunger. Cornelius and his men strutted around the islands wearing red and gold clothing plundered from surviving company stores. The islands were theirs to do as they would except for one thing; the soldiers sent to die on one of the far islands had survived. The killings had only just begun when Cornelius and his men noticed the smoke rising from the distant “high Island” meaning that the soldiers lead by Wiebbe Hayes and his men had found water.

What Cornelius did not know was that Hayes and his 2 dozen or so soldiers had been sent to the only island in the group with a natural store of water; a very substantial store of water since the recent rains. The “High Island” itself had no water but another island nearby could be reached by wading through the shallows. This other island contained the water, numerous wallabies, many birds (mutton birds) and eggs. Jeronimus Cornelius had intended to send the soldiers to their deaths but instead he had sent the only group of men that could threaten his regime to the best island in the Abrolhos.

The soldiers had gone to the islands without weapons but when some escapees from Cornelius’ reign of terror arrived at the island the resourceful soldiers began to construct pikes and morningstars from wreck timbers and barrel hoop iron that had had washed up on the island. Wiebbe Hayes had 45 men with him on the island. This included the original group that had been sent to look for water and some who had escaped from seal island and Batavia’s graveyard. Cornelius had some 36 men under his command (as shown on the oath of allegiance of 20th August) although some were obviously not committed mutineers. Wiebbe and his men trained in the use of their new arsenal and waited for the attack.

The first attack came about the 27th of July. Cornelius first sent a cadet named Daniel Cornelissen to the island with a letter to the French soldiers trying to tempt them over to the mutineers. The cadet was taken captive (at least he could not sign the oath of August 20) and the note handed over to Wiebbe. Some days later the attack came, lead by Jacop Pietersz. The defenders were tougher than expected and the mutineers were forced to retreat. The documents mention stones being thrown by catapults and it may well be the soldiers were using home-made staff slings similar to those they would use for grenade hurling.

The second attack came within a week with the mutineers turning out in full force with Jeronimus along to watch. Three boatloads of mutineers attacked the shore of the defenders island. Wiebbe’s men advanced knee deep into the water and held the mutineers off. Two muskets had been brought but they failed to fire and the mutineers were taunted by the defenders. There is confusion here as to if this attack happened later as part of the visit of Sept 1 and 2 but reading the translation of Pelsaert’s journal and the Predicant’s letter as well as the interpretations by Edwards, Goddard and Drake-Brockman I tend to agree with Hugh Edwards that they made this abortive attack before deciding to use guile in the visitation of September 1 and 2.

On the first of September the mutineers sent the Predicant ashore to negotiate peace with the defenders. Two musketeers amongst the attackers attempted to fire at the taunting defenders but the guns did not work. Jeronimus decided to offer wine and blankets in exchange for a small boat previously brought to the island by an escapee. Jeronimus’ suggestions were relayed to Hayes via the Predicant and the negotiations were set for the next day.

On September second, Jeronimus and five of his principal mutineers brought the trade goods to the island and attempted to bribe the French soldiers. Hayes had suspected treachery and his men brutally captured Jeronimus Cornelius and the other five men. Jacop Pietersz managed to escape but Coenraat van Huyssen, David Zeevanck, Gysbert van Welderen and Cornelisz Pietersz were killed.

On the 16th of September the rescue yacht Sardam had sighted the islands and was making her way through the treacherous reefs. The very next day saw the final assault on Wiebbe’s island. This time the mutineers attacked with operating muskets and four defenders were wounded (one of whom died later). The attackers were still driven back (or retreated) and it was then the rescue ship was sighted.

On September 17 1629 the last battle between the mutineers and Hayes men was in full swing when the rescue ship Sardaam appeared on the horizon. Hayes and some of his men seized the opportunity to leave the battle and taking a small home-made boat they were able to warn the rescuers of the mutiny and murders. The Commodore of the rescue ship was none other than Francesco Pelsaert who had made it to Batavia in the ships boat. In short time the mutineers were all rounded up, questioned and tied. The ensuing trial was extensive, thorough and quite well documented in Pelsaert’s own journal. Some mutineers needed to be put to the torture to confess but most seemed only too willing to tell the rescuers what they had done. Some like Cornelius were hanged on one of the islands, two were marooned on the coast of WA and the rest were taken back to Batavia where most of them were executed. Over 120 survivors were killed by Cornelius’ men during his brief reign of terror.

Going through A copy of Pelsaert’s journal I have tried to list all the bad guys, the crimes they supposedly committed and what actually happened to them.

THE MUTINEERS

The mutineers included some of the most powerful men aboard the Batavia. In order for any mutiny to succeed it must include men who can not only manage the ship but most importantly navigate. In the case of the Batavia not only was the Skipper implicated in the plot but many of the Cadets as well. I think that there is little doubt that had the ship not been wrecked the mutiny would have been terribly successful.

Below is a list of Mutineers and some of the specific crimes that they were supposed to have committed.

Jeronimus Cornelisz

Undermerchant and Chemist from Hallam (Harlem?). The most senior Company man after the Skipper and Pelsaert. Leader of the Mutiny he is captured by Wiebbe Haye’s men and finally hanged on seal Island, on the morning of October 2 after having both hands cut off.

Coenraat van Huyssen.

Cadet and later councillor to Cornelisz. Principal mutineer and “marries” the Predicant’s daughter Judith . He is killed by Wiebbe Haye’s men on Sep 2.

Davidt Zeevanck

Clerk/Assistant and later councillor to Cornelisz. Principal mutineer. He is killed by Wiebbe Haye’s men on Sep 2.

Jacop Pietersz

Lance Corporal and later councillor to Cornelisz. Called Cosyn (windowframe) and Stounhouwer (stonecutter) by others he was the senior ranking soldier after the disappearance of the Corporal. Helps kill Predicant’s family. Leads the first two attacks on Wiebbe Haye’s. Is captured but escapes when the others are killed on Sep 2. Taken back to Batavia where he is convicted as a mutineer and broken from “under and upwards” on the wheel.

Gysbert Bastiaensz

Predicant whose wife, three sons and two daughters are killed by the mutineers. He signs the oath of August 20 certainly to save his life and that of his remaining daughter Judith. After the capture of Cornelisz he remains with Wiebbe’s men who treat him well.

Lenert Michielsz

Cadet. About 21 years old and killed or helped kill 12 people. Misbehaved with married women and kept Annie Bosschietsters (wife of Jan Castersz) as concubine. Credited with the killing of Andries de Vries. Helps kill Predicant’s family. Helps kill Passchier van der Enden, Jacop Heyndricksz and a sick boy. His right hand is cut off before hanging on Oct 2.

Mattys Beer

Soldier. About 21 years old and confessed to have killed or help kill 9 people and kept a married woman (Susan Fredericks) as his concubine. Cuts the head off Coen Aldertsz to test its sharpness. His right hand was cut off before being hanged on Oct 2.

Jan Hendricx

Soldier. 24 years old. Confesses to killing (or helped kill) 17 or 18 people. Known to have specifically killed Denys and another man Stoffel Stoffelsz. Helped kill Andries de Vries. Helped kill the Predicants family. Helped kill van der Enden, Jacop Heyndricksz and a sick boy. His right hand was cut off before hanging on Oct 2.

Allert Jansz

Gunner/Musketeer. 24 years old and confessed to killing Andries de Bruyr (cabin boy), helped kill Jan Pinten (an Englishman) and had tried to kill Jansz the barber’s assistant but his blunt sword only gashed the mans shoulder before he escaped in the night to Wiebbe Hayes’ island. His right hand was cut off before hanging on Oct 2.

Rutger Fredericxsz

Locksmith. 23 years old Confessed to helping drown Jacob Groenewal. He wounded Paulus Barenttsz with two sword cuts before killing Claes Harmansz. He helped in the killing of Andries de Vries. He was hanged without losing a hand on Oct 2.

Jan Pelgrom de Bye

Cabin Boy. 18 years old. Murdered a boy on seal island. Helped kill the woman Janneken Gijssen and Andries Jansz. Insisted he be allowed to cut the head off Coen Aldertsz and cried when Mattys Beer was given the honour. Misbehaved with married women (Susan and Catherine Fredericks and Annie Bosschietsters). Was sentenced to hang without his hand being cut off but after pleading for mercy he was marooned on the Australian coast.

Andries Jonas

Soldier about 40 years old. Confessed to have thrust a pike through the throat of Paulus Barentsz when the man was drowning. He cut the throat of the pregnant woman May Soets and helped to kill Jannie Gist and Jan van Hummel. He helped to kill the Predicant’s family. He was hanged on Oct 2 without losing a hand.

Wouter Looes

Soldier who takes part in the killing of the predicants family and is given command of the mutineers upon the capture of Jeronimus. He was to be taken to Batavia to have his guilt further investigated but acts of kindness towards Judith and Lucretia moved Pelsaert to land him on the Australian coast with Pelgrom.

Jacop Heylwech

Cadet. Also called Hans Jacobsz. Taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt where he was executed.

Daniel Cornelissen

Cadet. Carried a message to Wiebbe Hayes and was taken prisoner. He was taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt and executed after his right hand was cut off.

Andries Liebent

Cadet. Helped kill the Predicant’s family and was taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt.

Hans Frederick

Soldier. Taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt.

Jeurian Jansz

Sailor. Possibly also called Cornelisz Janz. According to Jeronimus, Jansz was one of the least guilty of the mutineers. He was taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt.

Jan Selyns

Cooper. According to Jeronimus one of the least guilty of the mutineers. Taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt.

Rogier Decker

Kills Hendrick Janz after Jeronimus gives him wine and a dagger. He was taken to Batavia to further investigate his guilt where he was whipped or executed.

Gysbert van Welderen

Cadet. Killed on Wiebbe Hayes island on Sep2.

Cornelis Pietersz of Utrech

Soldier. Cut the throat of Hendrick Claesz in front of Jeronimus. He was killed on Wiebbe Hayes island on Sep2.

Salomon Deschamps

Undermerchant. Forced to strangle an infant poisoned by Jeronimus. He was Keel hauled three times and given 100 lashes on the trip back to Batavia where he was then executed.

Lucas Gillisz

Cadet. Accused by Jeronimus of helping kill Passchier van der Enden, Jacop Hendricksz and a sick boy. Lucas claimed that Jan Hendricks had done the killing . He was executed at Batavia.

Abraham Gerritsz

Boy. Executed or whipped at Batavia.

Jaques Pilman

Soldier. According to Jeronimus one of the least guilty of the mutineers.

Abraham Jansz

Gunner/Musketeer. According to Jeronimus one of the least guilty of the mutineers.

Reynder Hendricx

Steward. According to Jeronimus one of the least guilty of the mutineers.

Other Mutineers

Hans Hardens Soldier
Olivier van Welderen Cadet
Isbrant Isbrantsz Assistant
Jan Egbertsz Carpenter
Hendrick Jaspersz Soldier
Jellis Phillipsen Soldier
Tweis Jansz Carpenter
Gerrit Hass Sailor
Claas Harmansz Youngster
Gerrit Willemsz Sailor

Six of the minor mutineers (I don’t know which) were given assorted corporal and prison punishments.

Pelsaert claims the mutineers to have been responsible for the deaths of over 120 people although a note in Goddard’s book puts the total at 96 VOC employees, 12 women and 7 children; a total of 115. 341 people were recorded in the ships articles upon departure from Texel although 332 were actually aboard when she sailed. 210 people died before the last of the survivors finally reached Batavia.

THE HEROES

Wiebbe Hayes and many of his soldiers seemed to have been singled out very early on as potential threat to the designs of the Mutineers. Cornelius sent Hayes and his men to the high island (without weapons) certain that they woud die of thirst. Hayes and his men found water and fresh meat and thrived. Later they were joined by people who had managed to escape the slaughter and so they were able to make an organised stand against the mutineers.

Hayes and his men could have joined the Mutineers but they chose to oppose them and fought for what they believed in.

The translation from Pelsaert’s Journal in Goddard’s book only mentions three of the Defenders by name. Wiebbe Hayes of Winnhooten, and two cadets(ensigns) Otter Smit and Albert Janz. Wiebbe was made a Sergeant (later a Lieutenant) and the other two corporals with a substantial increase in pay. It seems a shame that we have so much information about the bad guys and yet very little about the real heroes of the story.

Solitude in a crowd

Back in August and September I travelled to Italy. It had a great affect on me then and now. Yes, it was a first visit to Europe and we had to go to where all the tourists go. But here in Australia I can find solitude whenever I want it. I forget how much I treasure it. Early in our holiday I was jetlagged and resisting adjusting. I just got up early; no-one was up.small-stitch-atrani

Later I found I could find quiet places that the tourists didn’t like much. Like on the back walk at Villa Cimbrone, Ravellosolitude-ravallo

It was more difficult to escape the crowds in Naples, Florence, Lucca, Pisa and Cinque Terra. I gave in to the wonders of the art, and sheer beauty of these places. By the time I arrived at Bolzano I needed my space.

At Venice I caught the vaporetto over to Lido, hired a bicycle and rode to the south tip of the island. Yeah this will do.lido-wildernessBack in Rome a few days later I found solitude in a crowd. In the middle of a busy day at the Colosseum. It was there all the time, I just needed fine tuning. Added for WPC solitude.